The Deity of Christ in Hebrews Chapter 1
1.2 Some claim that the use of words like "son," "first born," and "only begotten" show that Jesus was not true Deity. But usage, not root origins, shows what a word means. (E.g., "Magazine" originally meant "a grain storage bin," before it meant "a periodical publication." "Decimate" meant "to reduce by one-tenth" before it meant "to completely wipe out.")
"Son" is used to mean not only "descendant" or "offspring" but "of the order of" or "having the qualities and attributes of." E.g., "Sons of Belial" (Judg. 19.22), "sons of thunder" (Mk. 3.17), "son of consolation" (Acts 4.36), and "son of perdition" (Jn. 17.12). "Son of Man" affirms humanity instead of denying it (Ps. 8.4-6 and Ezek. 1.3,6,8). Thus the title "Son of God" does not deny Christ's Deity any more than the title "Son of Man" denies his humanity.
1.3 The Son is the exact representation of God's being. He is God manifested in the flesh (Jn. 1.14). He is the image or visible representation of the invisible God (Col. 1.15). Thus Christ could say to Phillip, "He who has seen me has seen the Father" (Jn. 14.8,9). Christ is Deity as seen in his role as Creator (Heb. 1.2) and Sustainer of all things (Heb. 1.3). Since He is the Creator, He cannot be a created being (Jn. 1.3). A Jew would call God "our Heavenly Father" but never "my Father."
1.4 Jesus is not a son of God in the same sense as the angels (Job 1.6; 2.1), because here He is being contrasted with them. They are God's servants (Heb. 1.7, 14), while He is the Son. Also special terms are used to show that Christ's relationship to the Father is unique.
1.5 "Only begotten" means "special, one of a kind, unique" (Jn, 3.16; Heb. 11.17, 18), e.g., Isaac was not Abraham's first son, but his special son (Gen. 21.1-10; 22.2;25.1-6).
1.6a Christ's relationship with the Father was unique. He said God was His own Father, making Himself equal with God (Jn 5.18). When He said, "I and the Father are One" (Jn. 10.30) his listeners understood that He was claiming to be God (Jn. 10.33).
1.6b "First born" doesn't always refer to birth order (Ps. 89.27 or 1 Chron 5.1-2), e.g. Jacob (Gen. 25.29-34). Also "First born from the Dead" doesn't mean Jesus was the first person raised from the dead (see Elijah and Elisha, 1Kings 17.22 or 2 Kings 4.35). Rather He is the Leader of the Resurrected and Glorified.
1.6c The Bible forbids the worship of men (Acts 10.25, 26) and angels (Rev. 19.10; 22.8, 9). But Jesus accepted worship as His due. (Matt. 8.2; 15.25).
1.8 Jesus is given the Name and Titles of Deity. He is called "God" in this quote from Ps 45.6, 7. Some try to render this to read "Your throne is God." But "God" is in the vocative (someone is addressed). Also "Thy Throne, O God" makes sense. In Matt. 5.34, 35, Jesus said the earth is God's footstool and Heaven is His Throne. If God is Christ's Throne, that would make the Son greater than the Father.
1.10 In this quote from Ps. 102.25-27, the Son is addressed as "Lord." Also in this Psalm, in verses 1 and 12, the Name "Jehovah" is used. In the KJV, Jehovah is rendered LORD in small capitals. The ASV 1901 and the Jerusalem Bible use "Jehovah" and "Yahweh."
One of the greatest proofs of Christ's Deity is seen when Old Testament verses about Jehovah God are quoted and applied to Jesus.
Return to A List of Topics
Return to Home Page